Though many are unaware of the importance of calcium and bones there is much one should know regarding the metabolism that takes place between them and the health conditions that arise. Sometimes when there is a change in the metabolism activities that take place between the two, chances are high that it may lead to hyperparathyroidism.
Normally bones have required amounts of calcium in them. But still it is necessary to see to that even blood has recommended levels of calcium as heartbeat and nerve functions depend on calcium. When there is a decrease in the amount of calcium levels present in the blood, without saying it leads to weak bones.
Sometimes fewer calcium levels in the body can affect heartbeat functions and can lead to death. In contrary when there is an increase in the amount of calcium then the muscles become too sensitive and undergo too many extractions and contractions which may ultimately lead to muscle stiffness and this is why parathyroid role is high. This gland helps in maintaining the calcium present in bones in required levels. In case there is more calcium in the blood then it reaches kidneys and is let out. In case it does not get out through urination then kidney stones form.
In fact, the parathyroid gland is very minute gland but the problem: hyperthyroidism that begins in it is a big problem. When hypothyroidism begins, PTH is released in more quantities by this gland. Naturally PTH will regularize calcium and phosphorus. This is also the hormone that is needed to provide required amount of vitamins and minerals for the health of the bones and teeth.
When this PTH is secreted in more levels then calcium gets increased in urine and blood and decreases in bones. As a result, it leads to osteoarthritis at the end.
How to diagnose hypothyroidism?
In many of the cases, some uncommon signs can be seen in the first half of the stage. Some symptoms can be traced while some cannot be. In general these symptoms of hypothyroidism are diagnosed in routine blood tests. The common symptoms include lack of sleep, constipation, muscle weakness, nausea, and also joint pains. Even kidney stones formation is also a symptom.
How to confirm hypothyroidism?
Blood tests can be relied upon to know the presence of hyperparathyroidism and urine test can be conducted to know the presence of stones in the urine. Sometimes ultrasound tests are also needed to know the enlargement if any present in the parathyroid.
Treatment for hyperparathyroidism:
Based on the condition either one or two glands are removed through surgery. Thyroid and low calcium levels go hand in hand, so proper calcium levels should be maintained.