These are the top 5 types of arthritis affecting people

There are different types of Arthritis and to say it more clearly there are 150+ arthritis types. But not all these arthritis types are rampant only few of them are found in common amongst the populace. However, keeping aside this fact in the USA alone over 46 million citizens are suffering from different types of arthritis and this number is expected to hit 67 million by the end of 2030. When this is the deadly situation it is time to know the most common arthritis types that hit the populace. Here are the top 5 most common types of arthritis.

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Osteoarthritis tops the chart and is more rampant amongst the elderly people. In medical terminology, this arthritis is a kind of a joint disease that dominantly hits the cartilage. A healthy cartilage permits bones to slide over each of them and withstand the shocks of all physical movements but when a person is hit with Osteoarthritis the exterior layer of cartilage gets damaged and with passage of time it wears away which finally sets in rubbing of bones beneath the cartilage and ultimately leading to swells, pain and diminishing of joint movements.

Osteoarthritis Symptoms:

Pain, the stiffness of bones, lessened joint motion, swelling, joint cracks and deformity in joint.

Causes of Osteoarthritis:

Age, obesity, genes, injuries, and damage to articular cartilage.

Osteoarthritis treatment:

As of now, there is no particular treatment or medicine that can be suggested to cure Osteoarthritis however following these below-mentioned treatments can bring down the pain.

Exercise, losing weight, proper rest, correct pain management techniques, giving less stress to joints and timely advice from doctors and physiotherapists.

Rheumatoid Arthritis:

Next to Osteoarthritis the most common type of arthritis is Rheumatoid Arthritis, which is a chronic ailment chiefly having inflammation of lining and joints. It may sometimes pave a way to long-term damage of joints causing chronic pain, disability, and functional misplacement.

Signs and symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis:

Joint pain and swelling, tender feeling of joints when touched, puffy and red hands, fatigue, fever, bumps of tissue especially below the skin present on the arms, morning stiffness(approx. 30 minutes)and weight loss.

Causes of Rheumatoid Arthritis:

There are no set of causes that can be earmarked as particular causes but an unhealthy lifestyle, smoking, drinking, and environmental issues are in general taken into consideration as Rheumatoid Arthritis causes.

Rheumatoid Arthritis treatment: 

Treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis is also not clearly defined, however medications are given to lessen the pain and inflammation and also slow or prevent damage to joints. Surgery may also be carried out in case of severe joint damage.

Ankylosing Spondylitis:

Ankylosing Spondylitis is another common kind of arthritis and is predominantly found in males rather than their counterparts. The common malfunction that takes place due to this arthritis type is the unusual growth of bone cells where the ligaments connect to the bones, thereby making the ligaments boney. Ultimately, this could end up in the union of the bones in the hips, spine, shoulder, rib cage, hands, and the knees.

Symptoms of Ankylosing Spondylitis:

Eye inflammation, low-back pain, hip stiffness and pain, firmness and partial motion in the low back, incomplete chest expansion, inadequate range of movement, more importantly in hips and spine, joint swelling and joint pain in the ankles, shoulders, and knees, neck pain, inflammation of heels, fatigue, weight loss, fever, appetite loss and chronic bending to ease symptoms.

Causes of Ankylosing Spondylitis:

Doctors majorly believe that the main cause of Ankylosing Spondylitis is genes or to say it more clearly, it is hereditary. Studies have also shown that the presence of HLA-B27 gene is common in 90% of such patients. However, environmental issues may also be the cause. Studies have proven that people with HLA-B27-positive have 6 times greater chance of developing this than the ones who don’t have it.

Treatment of Ankylosing Spondylitis:

As the saying goes, prevention is better than cure and this holds good here too, proper lifestyle, healthy food habits and staying active keeps it away. However, in case if anyone is affected the treatments include supervised medication, surgery, physical and occupational therapy and suggested exercises.

Mixed-Connective Tissue Disease (MCTD):

This kind of arthritis varies extremely in different people and may be seen with the combination of lupus, skin disorder and rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, and a skin disorder.

Symptoms of mixed-connective tissue disease:

Fatigue, joint pain, muscle weakness, joint swelling, swelling of fingers, Raynaud’s phenomenon and mild fever.

Causes of Mixed-Connective Tissue Disease:

Doctors aren’t sure of the causes but however believe that it is part of larger set of ailments called as autoimmune disorders. In fact, in this situation, the immune system attacks the healthy cells of the body mistaking them to be unhealthy ones.

Treatment of MCTD:

People suffering from symptoms of MCTD needn’t go for any treatment and sickeningly even for the ones suffering from severe MCTD also don’t have any set standard cure, however, treatment may ease the condition. Corticosteroids like prednisone are the common treatment used to treat it.

Psoriatic Arthritis:

This arthritis type, which is same as Ankylosing Spondylitis is also seen more commonly in men than in comparison to women. This particular arthritis can be seen with inflammation sensation and union of the spine in the lower back and neck and is even characterized by the formation of pits on the fingernails and scaly skin. Usually, Psoriatic Arthritis is of 5 types: Symmetric,  Asymmetric,  Arthritis Mutilans, Spondylitis and Distal Interphalangeal Predominant.

Symptoms of Psoriatic Arthritis:

Skin lesions, nail abnormalities, swelling and pain of joints, swelling and pain of tendons where they attach to the bones.

Treatment of Psoriatic Arthritis:

Proper skin care, light treatment (UVB or PUVA), proper usage of medicines, corrective cosmetics, a correct amount of rest, exercise, Heat and cold pain treatments, surgery in rare cases and splints.

In general, the above said are common types of arthritis types are more prevalent amongst people irrespective of gender. Though the symptoms look alike for the above said 5 arthritis types the severity and occurrence changes and so do the treatments change. However, these 5 arthritis types can’t be bluntly said that they are on the top in all the nations as the list may change.

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