Side Effects of Diabetes on Human Body and how to Control them

Diabetes-the name sounds synonym to world’s biggest chronical disease. We cannot exactly call diabetes as a disease and to be more clear it is a chronic condition that affects the body and its functions, in some situations the effect of diabetes on the body may be partial or total. Whatsoever diabetes affects the human body and obstructs the normal functioning.

When left untreated the side effects of diabetes on health can easily take a toll on every part of the body. The side effects of diabetes are majorly on the below mentioned human organs, and surprisingly these organs are the vital parts of the human body. Her is the list of majorly affected body organs due to diabetes.

  • Heart and blood vessels
  • Kidneys
  • Eyes
  • Nerves
  • Gums and teeth
  • Gastrointestinal tract
  • Sex life

Let us know how diabetes affects these body parts in detail.

Side effects of diabetes on human body and how to control them Photo Credit:

Heart and Blood Vessels:

Blood vessel disease and heart disease are the most common problems for the majority of the people who do not take proper care to keep their sugar levels under control. Diabetics are minimum 2 times at higher risk of developing heart strokes and heart-related problems in comparison to the ones who aren’t diabetics.

Nerve damages and blood vessel damages may even lead to foot related problems, which in turn in rare conditions may lead to foot amputations. People having diabetes are 10 times more at risk of having their feet and toes mutilated than those who don’t suffer from the disease.

Warning signs: Diabetics, in general, may not become aware of warning signals until they go through a heart stroke or attack. Problems with big blood vessels in the legs can lead to leg cramps, less sensation, and skin color changes.

The positive news: Majority of the researches have shown that keeping diabetes under control can assist in avoiding these problems, or obstruct these heart and blood vessels complications that arise due to diabetes from turning critical in case you have them.


Eyes are the ones that are easily and majorly affected due to diabetes as per studies. In fact, diabetes is the principal cause of many vision losses amongst adults aged 20 to 74 in America. It can pave way to eye related problems, few of which could cause complete blindness if left untreated. The major eye problems due to diabetes are:

  • Cataracts
  • Glaucoma
  • Diabetic retinopathy, which affects the small blood vessels present in the eyes

Warning signs: Sudden loss of vision and vision problems.

The positive news: Studies stated that that habitual eye tests and timely cure of these types of problems might stop almost all 90% of blindness and vision problems that arise due to diabetes.

Kidney Disease:

Either one believes or not diabetes is the major factor of kidney failure in aged persons in the USA, accounting for nearly half of registered cases.

Warning signs: It is usually not easy to notice any signs related to early diabetes-related kidney disease. However, in later stages it makes the feet and legs swell.

The positive news: Medications that lessen blood pressure (even in case you do not have high blood pressure) can obstruct the danger of kidney failure by nearly 33%.


As time passes by, high blood sugar levels can damage the nerves. Nearly 70% of people suffering from diabetes go through this kind of damage.

  • Peripheral diabetic neuropathy can cause burning and pain or a loss of sensation in the feet. It commonly begins with the toes. It can even affect the hands and other parts of the body.
  • Autonomic neuropathy initiates from injuries to the nerves that control the internal organs. Symptoms account for sexual problems, digestive problems (a condition known as gastroparesis), trouble noticing when the bladder is full, giddiness and fainting, or unaware when the blood sugar is lessened.

The positive news: You have many ways to treat the pain. The doctor could suggest an antidepressant, a medicine that obstructs seizures (called an anticonvulsant).  He may even give you medications that go on your skin, such as creams or patches. He could suggest using a device that stimulates the nerves known as TENS (transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation).


Having diabetes places a person at higher danger of falling prey to gum diseases.

Warning signs: The gums might get swollen and red in addition to bleeding and ache.

The positive news: Apart from maintaining the blood sugar levels under control visit the dentist often and take proper care of the teeth every day by brushing, rinsing and flossing with an antiseptic mouthwash, this keeps your teeth healthy and also gum problems and tooth loss at bay.

Apart from above diabetes will also affect sex life. Decreased fertility, sexual dysfunction, premature ejaculation, loss of interest in sex, lessened pregnancy chances and a lower count of sexually emitted hormones are only a few of the problems that arise due to diabetes.

Take control of the condition

Many people have to just make small lifestyle changes for big difference. In fact some changes easily keep the blood sugar under control to stop or even undo the diabetes complications. While serious diabetics may need medications or at times surgery to manage side effects and stop from getting worse.

Cure of complications aims on lessening the pace of damage process. That could include surgery, drugs and other means.

But the main key means to slow complications of diabetes are to keep the blood sugar levels under constant control, eat correct, exercise, maintain proper weight, stop smoking and boozing, and treat high blood pressure and high cholesterol.

Do these in addition to keeping an eye on your diabetes medicines as the complications of diabetes medicines are even higher than that of diabetes itself.

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