Pneumonia causes more deaths across the world than any other infectious disease. There are certain causes that lead to Pneumonia; though the symptoms are normally same the treatment differs according to nature and severity.
What is pneumonia?
Pneumonia is an infection in lung that makes a person sick. It is associated with cough, fever, and breathing difficulty. Pneumonia can normally be treated at home for many patients at home in 2 to 3 weeks. But hospitalization is required for aged adults, children, and people with other diseases.
People may fall to Pneumonia in the course of daily life, such as at school or work and this is called community-associated pneumonia while few may get in a hospital or nursing home and is called healthcare-associated pneumonia.
What causes pneumonia?
Generally bacteria or viruses lead to pneumonia and it starts when one breathes these germs into the lungs. The chances to get this disease increases after being affected with a cold or the flu. These two makes it hard for the lungs to resist infection and makes one more close to getting Pneumonia. Having long-term, or chronic, disease such as heart diseases, asthma, and cancer also increases the risk factors.
What are the symptoms of pneumonia?
Pneumonia symptoms caused by bacteria include:
- Cough with sputum, the sputum can be rusty or green or have blood stains.
- Breathing difficulty
- Shivering of body
- Chest pain
- Increased heartbeat
Aged people may have different, fewer, or milder symptoms sometimes they may not have a fever or have a cough without mucus. Symptoms caused by viruses are also identical to those caused by bacteria. But they may grow in reduced phase and mostly are not clear or bad.
Treatment for pneumonia
Pneumonia caused by bacteria is treated by antibiotics, which normally cure pneumonia caused by bacteria. But for effective pneumonia treatment the antibiotics should be taken as directed by the physician and on regular basis till it is cured to root. It is natural to feel tired and sick during the course. To avoid this take plenty of rest and sleep, and consume more of liquids. Avoid smoking. Use cough antibiotics if cough is severe on doctor’s advice.
Hospitalization may be required if bad symptoms persist and also a weak immune system and other serious illness.
Generally the cure for pneumonia caused by a virus is not treated using antibiotics, though they may be used to prevent complications. Generally home treatment, such as rest and reducing cough symptoms is necessary.
How can you prevent pneumonia?
Pneumonia prevention is not so easy. But here are few…
People aged 65 or older and who have a habit of smoking, heart or lung problem should get pneumococcal vaccine. It lessens the sickness associated with pneumonia.
One can also reduce the chances of getting pneumonia by staying away from people who are affected with the flu, colds, measles, or chickenpox.
Commonly one may get pneumonia after having one of these illnesses.
Always wash the hands too often. It assists to prevent the spread of viruses and bacteria, which may lead to pneumonia.