Diabetes is one disease that cannot be easily diagnosed and by the time it is diagnosed severe damages to other parts of the body might have taken place. The one part that is prone to danger due to diabetes is EYE. Prolonged high levels of sugar in the body can easily cause damage to eye and can even lead to loss of eye sight. Here let us see the facts about diabetic retinopathy.
Types of diabetic retinopathy: Diabetic retinopathy is a term that connotes many disorders of the retina which are the results of long standing diabetes. It normally affects diabetic patients who are aged more than 40. Generally there are three types of diabetic retinopathy.
Eye spots and floaters
Sudden vision changes
Bulge in retina
Blood vessels in the retina get damaged
Causes of diabetic retinopathy:
Generally anyone who is suffering from long standing diabetes and who doesn’t take proper diabetic care is prone to diabetic retinopathy. In general these are the risk factors of diabetic retinopathy.
Poor blood glucose control
Diabetes in the long run
Increased fat content in the body
High blood pressure
Presence of protein in urine
Diagnosing diabetic retinopathy:
Generally by the time the patient meets the doctor to know if he/she has diabetic retinopathy, the disease would have easily reached second or third stage. To know the stages and severity of it doctors will conduct two diagnosis tests: Retina angiography and optical coherence tomography. These tests can easily find out the damages caused to the retina and based on the test reports treatment is done.
Treatment for diabetic retinopathy:
Normally the treatment options consist of three types:
Laser treatment: The treatment focuses on treating the damaged blood vessels in the retina by making use of laser rays; the blood flow is also corrected. The treatment also focuses to obstruct new damages in the blood vessels present in the retina. Though this treatment has no pain it may lead to some side effects.
Injection: As part of this treatment Intravitreal anti-VEGF injections are commonly used. VEGF stands for ‘’vascular endothelial growth factor.” The injections are directly administered in the eye. These injections kill the already developed blood vessels in the retina and obstruct blood flow.
Operation: Operation is the only way to treat diabetic retinopathy when it reaches the final stage. Operation becomes mandate to save the vision. The presence of blood in the eyes leads to the pushing of retina in the last stage.
The latest operation method is vitrectomy surgery; this is really advanced and uses latest technology. This surgery does not make any cuts in the eyes and so does not need any post stitches. It can be done just in 45 minutes of time.