Diabetic neuropathy and its types

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Lack of proper lifestyle, bad food habits, no physical activity and increased stress are the primary factors responsible for diabetes. Diabetes will easily lead to many types of ill effects on health and also on the body’s functioning. One of the effect of it on health is it drastically affects the nervous system and is commonly called as diabetic neuropathy. There are many types of medications available to treat it along with alternative treatments such as homeopathy and Ayurveda.

As per records more than 70 percent of diabetics suffer from diabetic neuropathy. Normally the nerves need myoinositol, a type of chemical to function well but unfortunately the increased sugar levels in the body lead to decreased production of this chemical. The accumulated sugar also lessens NADP enzyme levels when these NADP levels reduce, a chemical reaction known as reactive oxygen species takes place which leads to decreased performance of nervous system. NADP is also responsible for production of nitric oxide glutathione.

There are different types of diabetic neuropathy and the main ones are four types…

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1) Diabetic autonomic neuropathy:

This kind of diabetic neuropathy generally targets the nerves related to blood system, urinary system, digestive system and also sex system of the body.

The symptoms related to digestive system include bloated stomach, chest congestion, constipation, motions, lack of appetite, vomits and nausea. The symptoms of blood related autonomic neuropathy include increased heartbeat, giddiness and coma. The sex related problems include lack of sexual desire and impotence while the urinary related symptoms include increased urination and lack of control on urination.

2) Diabetic peripheral neuropathy:

It mainly targets nerves related to five sensory organs and legs.

The symptoms include numbness, prickling, and tingling, cold, buzz, deep stabs, burning sensation and pinching. Sometimes sensitivity to touch can also be experienced.

3) Diabetic proximal neuropathy:

This normally leads to pain in parts such as bums, thighs, waist and also weakness in the nerves of legs.

These symptoms generally begin on one side of the body. The other symptoms include involuntary muscle twitches or contractions. The symptoms generally include lack of focus in the eyes, pain behind the eye, double vision, Bell’s palsy, pain in front part of the thighs, stomach pain, chest pain, foot pain, pain in the lower back.

4) Focal Neuropathy:

All of the above are examples of polyneuropathy. Poly means that they affect many nerves. Focal neuropathy, by contrast, affects 1 specific nerve; it is a focused neuropathy. It is also called mononeuropathy.

Diagnosing methods:

Generally all these four neuropathic types are diagnosed based on many factors such as patients’ condition, physical examination, the sensitivity in legs, muscle fitness and reflexes. The blood sugar levels in the body, EMG, filament test and NCS. Based on these tests the patient’s condition and severity of it are calculated and treated accordingly.

These diabetic neuropathies can be extremely danger and can also lead to paralysis and other nerve related problems when left uncured. So the best way to save yourself is to check for these above signs and act accordingly by visiting the physician for further diagnosis and treatment.

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